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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77-84

Pentraxin-3 is associated with adverse diastolic remodeling in patients with st-elevation myocardial infarction after successful reperfusion by primary percutaneous intervention

1 Department of Cardiology, Zonguldak Bulent Ecevit University Faculty of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey
2 Department of Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Center, Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Mustafa Umut Somuncu
Bülent Ecevit Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Dekanligi Ibn-i Sina Kampusu 67600, Esenköy/Kozlu, Zonguldak
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcecho.jcecho_116_20

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Background: Determinants of adverse diastolic remodeling in ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) after successful revascularization are not well established. Besides, the relationship between Pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) and diastolic function deterioration is unknown. This study hypothesizes that PTX-3 level would be associated with diastolic remodeling. Materials and Methods: Ninety-eight STEMI patients were included in our study. Echocardiography was performed before and 12–18 weeks after discharge. Two groups were generated according to the PTX-3 value, and the follow-up/baseline echocardiographic parameters were compared. Diastolic adverse remodeling was accepted as a persistent restrictive filling pattern or an increase in at least one grade of diastolic dysfunction. The independent predictors of diastolic adverse remodeling were investigated. Results: Adverse diastolic remodeling was detected in 19.3% of patients. High left ventricular mass index (odds ratio [OR]: 1.096, confidence interval [CI] 95%: 1.023–1.174, P = 0.009), high PTX-3 (OR: 1.005, CI 95%: 1.001–1.009, P = 0.024), and failing to achieve thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow 3 after percutaneous coronary intervention (OR: 6.196, CI 95%: 1.370–28.023, P = 0.005) were determined as independent predictors of adverse diastolic remodeling. The ratio of follow-up/baseline left atrial volume index was higher in the high PTX-3 group (1.15 vs. 1.05, P = 0.029). Moreover, being in the high PTX-3 group predicted adverse diastolic remodeling at 7.4 times. Conclusion: Higher PTX-3 level is associated with adverse diastolic remodeling in STEMI patients.

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