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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-28

Two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography assessment of the major aortic annulus diameter in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement

1 Echocardiography Lab, Mediterranea Cardiocentro, Naples, Italy
2 Radiology Unit, Mediterranea Cardiocentro; Institute on Biostructures and Bioimages, CNR, Naples, Italy
3 Ospedale Riabilitativo di Alta Specializzazione, Motta di Livenza, Italy
4 “L. Vanvitelli” University, Monaldi Hospital, Naples, Italy
5 Arrhythmology Unit, Mediterranea Cardiocentro, Naples, Italy
6 Interventional Cardiology Unit, Mediterranea Cardiocentro, Naples, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Mariateresa Librera
Echocardiography Lab, Mediterranea Cardiocentro, Via Orazio, 2, Naples 80122
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcecho.jcecho_110_20

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Background: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is the gold standard in annulus sizing before transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). However, MDCT has limited applicability in specific subgroups of patients, such as those with atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease. Two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2DTEE) has traditionally been limited to the long-axis measurement of the anteroposterior diameter of the aortic annulus. We describe a new 2DTEE approach for the measurement of the major diameter of the aortic annulus. Methods: Seventy-six patients with symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis and high surgical risk underwent MDCT and 2DTEE before TAVR. A modified five-chamber view was used to measure the major aortic annulus diameter. This was obtained starting from a mid-esophageal four chamber and retracting the TEE probe up until the left ventricular outflow tract and the left and noncoronary aortic cusps were visualized: major aortic annulus diameter was measured as the distance between their insertion points in systole. Results: Major aortic annulus diameters measured at 2DTEE showed good correlation with MDCT diameter (r = 0.79; P < 0.001) and perimeter (r = 0.87; P < 0.0001). Using factsheet-derived sizing criteria, 2DTEE alone would have allowed accurate sizing in 75% of patients, with 21% of oversizing predominantly with smaller annuli. Conclusions: We describe a new method for 2DTEE measurement of the major aortic annulus diameter; this approach is simple, correlates with MDCT, and allows adequate TAVR sizing in most patients. These findings may help in the assessment of patients with contraindications to or inadequate MDCT images.

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