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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 68-74

QRS duration as a predictor of left ventricular outflow tract velocity time integral in patient with cardiac resynchronization therapy

Department of Cardiology, Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Maha Mohamed Mohamed Khalifa
Department of Cardiology, Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcecho.jcecho_66_19

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Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has a morbidity and mortality benefits in moderate to severe heart failure. It reduces mortality and hospitalization and improves cardiac function. It can be used according to the European guidelines in severely depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (i.e., ≤35%) and complete left bundle branch block. However, 30% of patients may show no benefit from CRT therapy. Therefore, prediction of CRT response seems to be an important subject for study in the current researches. We aimed to study the correlation between Surface ECG QRS complex duration (QRS) duration and cardiac output measured by ventricular outflow tract velocity time integral (LVOT VTI) as a predictor of response in patients with CRT implantation. Methods: We studied 100 consecutive patients prospectively with biventricular pacing system. The patients were studied at the pacemaker follow-up clinic. Each patient was subjected to: Full medical history, general and local examination, a 12 lead electrocardiogram and QRS duration in ms was measured. All patients were subjected to a focused transthoracic echocardiographic examination in which a parasternal long axis view was obtained to measure the diameter of the LVOT diameter in mid-systole. The LVOT VTI was measured by pulsed-wave Doppler in the LVOT using a 2-mm sample volume positioned just proximal to the aortic valve in the apical five chamber view. Results: We found a statistically significant difference between CRT responders and nonresponders as regards age, body surface area (BSA), time since CRT implantation and smoking status (P = 0.018, 0.039, 0.002, <0.001). There was negative significant correlation between QRS duration and LVOT VTI and stroke volume index. The optimal cut off values for optimal response to CRT using receiver operating characteristics curves were 130 ms for postimplant QRS duration and 17.1 cm for LVOT VTI. We also found a significant difference between responders and nonresponders as regard CO. It was higher in responders (5.97 vs. 3.34,P < 0.001). Conclusion: CRT response is more in patients with lower BSA, and without previous history of ischemic heart disease or smoking. There is a significant negative correlation between QRS duration and LVOT VTI.

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