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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 114-119

Hemodynamic effects of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation assessed using transthoracic echocardiography

1 Department of Medicine and Intensive Care Unit, Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Hospital, Hong Kong, China
2 Division of Nursing and Health Studies, School of Science and Technology, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Correspondence Address:
Shek Yin Au
B6 Intensive Care Unit, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcecho.jcecho_53_17

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Aims: The aim of this study is to measure the effect of positive-pressure ventilation on heart chamber dimensions, left ventricular (LV) systolic function, LV diastolic function, right ventricular (RV) systolic function, and RV pressure using transthoracic echocardiography. Settings and Design: This is a prospective study in a single secondary health-care center. Materials and Methods: A total of 107 patients with obstructive sleep apnea on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy were recruited as participants between April and September 2016. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed twice on each participant, before and 15 min after, they used their own CPAP machines, and the echocardiography parameters of both scans were compared. Statistical Analysis Used: The parametric paired t-test was used to compare heart chamber dimensions, left heart diastolic function, left heart systolic function, right heart systolic function, and right heart pressure effect, without and with CPAP. These data were further examined among several subgroups defined by CPAP when the cutoff point was set at 8 cmH2O and 10 cmH2O. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS version 22 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). Results: There were statistically significant reductions, after the application of CPAP, in the heart dimensions, and LV and RV systolic function. There were no significant changes in diastolic function. Concerning right heart pressure, with CPAP, there was a significant increase in the inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter and there was also a significant decrease in IVC variability from 44.56% ± 14.86% to 36.12% ± 11.42%. The maximum velocity of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) decreased significantly from 180.66 ± 6.95 cm/s to 142.30 ± 52.73 cm/s. Such changes were observed in both low and high CPAP subgroups. Conclusions: When placed on positive pressure, the clinically significant change in IVC diameter and variability and change in trans-TR velocity mean that it would be inaccurate to predict right heart chamber pressure through echocardiogram. Alternative methods for predicting right heart pressure are recommended.

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