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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 72-76

Quadricuspid aortic valve: A case report and review of the literature

Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Physiopathology, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Ketty Savino
Via Beata Chiara Luce Badano 4, 06125 Perugia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2211-4122.166077

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The quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare malformation; often isolated, sometimes associated with other heart diseases. Before the era of echocardiography, the diagnosis was made incidentally at autopsy or during surgery of valve replacement. The extensive use of echocardiography has allowed an early and accurate diagnosis of this malformation. In many cases, the transthoracic approach is suitable for the diagnosis but, transesophageal echocardiography is a tool for the accurate definition of the valve anatomy. This review analyzes, after the presentation of a clinical case, the current knowledge on embryogenesis, classification, diagnosis and clinical course of QAV.

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