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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2013| April-June  | Volume 23 | Issue 2  
    Online since December 16, 2013

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Long-term results after percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect: Cardiac remodeling and quality of life
Sarah Mangiafico, Ines Paola Monte, Lucio Tropea, Vincenzo Lavanco, Wanda Deste, Corrado Tamburino
April-June 2013, 23(2):53-59
Background: Atrial septal defect (ASD) represents a common congenital heart malformation, cause of right ventricle (RV) volume overload, pulmonary hypertension, atrial arrhythmias, and paradoxical emboli. Percutaneous closure represents the treatment of choice for ASD. However, it is still difficult to associate symptoms to the success of ASD treatment. Objective: To investigate any possible correlation between transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) findings and patients' symptoms after ASD treatment. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients (mean age 49 ± 17 years; 10 younger ≤40 years and 20 > 40 years) underwent percutaneous closure of ASD type ostium secundum. Every patient underwent clinical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG) and TTE before procedure and at 1, 6, and 12 months after procedure and a multichoice questionnaire to collect patients' symptoms and complain severity. Statistical analysis: Continuous variables were summarized by means and standard deviation. Estimates of occurrence of events were expressed as percentages. Comparison between mean follow-ups was achieved using paired t-test sample. Results: At end of follow-up, TTE showed a decrease of RV dimensions (34.4 vs 37.5 mm preclosure; P = 0.01), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PAPs 28.4 vs 39.5 mmHg; P = 0.00003), atrial dimensions (51 vs 56 mm; P = 0.085), and of right myocardial performance index (MPI; 0.39 vs 0.42; P = 0.05). PAPs was significantly reduced in group more than 40-years-old (P = 0.00004), while the reduction was not significant in the less or equal than 40 years of age (P = 0.08) group because the baseline value was significantly lower. Many patients after procedure complained headache, insomnia, palpitations, fatigue, and dyspnea; but no cardiac morphological abnormalities related to symptoms were found. Conclusions: Our data showed a great improvement in symptoms and positive cardiac remodeling after closure of ASD, more effective in elderly patients compared to younger patients. The symptoms are not correlated with the principal disease or procedure.
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Accuracy of intraoperative epicardial echocardiography in the assessment of surgical repair of congenital heart defects confirmed
Veeresh F Manvi, Mahadev Dixit, Kini Srinivas, Anand Vagarali, Sharan Patil, Nidhi Goel Manvi
April-June 2013, 23(2):60-65
Objective: To determine the accuracy of epicardial echocardiography in detecting residual lesions after surgical repair of congenital heart defects. To determine the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive valve, negative predictive valve, and false negative and false positive percentage of the same. Materials and Methods: One year hospital-based prospective study of epicardial echocardiography in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass for surgical correction of congenital heart defects in children and adults. Results: Epicardial echocardiography was done in 158 patients. Residual lesions were detected in 38 patients by epicardial echocardiography. In 28 of these cases the residual lesions were significant. In 24 of them immediate reoperation was done with good outcome. Epicardial echo has high sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive valve, in detecting residual lesion with congenital heart defects. Conclusion: Routine use of intraoperative epicardial echocardiography allows detection of majority of residual defects. It has high accuracy. There were no complications associated with use of epicardial echocardiography. The use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) can be avoided in small children and neonates undergoing cardiac surgery.
  2 3,445 152
Right ventricular overload due to severe pulmonary valve regurgitation in 44-year-old guch
Massimo Bolognesi, Diletta Bolognesi
April-June 2013, 23(2):69-71
Notoriously, the valvular disease of the right heart have always received less attention than the left heart valvular disease both by echocardiographers and by researchers, probably due to the long period of latent asymptomatic and for the intrinsic difficulties of examination. However, it is increasingly recognized that right-sided valve disease is not a benign lesion and has a significant and independent impact on morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary regurgitation (PR) is common after surgical or percutaneous relief of pulmonary stenosis and following repair of tetralogy of Fallot. This case report describes the natural history of an adult patient with grown-up congenital heart (GUCH) who became competitive athlete and who showed signs of extreme morphological and functional adaptation of the right heart resulting in the outcome of a previous run surgical valvotomy at the age of 5 years for a congenital pulmonary stenosis. These anatomic changes of the right ventricle and pulmonary circulation have requested the replacement of the pulmonary valve for the symptomatic pulmonary hypertension, with subsequent gradual return to sports activity.
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Cardiac magnetic resonance: One slice, two different LGE patterns
Giuseppe Gibelli, Francesco Gentile, Antonio Lippolis, Maurizio G Ornaghi, Salvatore Biasi
April-June 2013, 23(2):66-68
A 56-years-old man with previous myopericarditis (10 months earlier, coronary angiography not performed) was admitted because of pericarditis pain and ST segment elevation, together with myocardial necrosis markers rise. Electrocardiogram (EKG) showed negative T waves in lateral and inferior leads; echocardiogram showed mild pericardial effusion and inferior and lateral basal hypokinesis. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) on day 7 post-admission showed increased T2-short tau inversion recovery (T2-STIR) signal of inferior wall and two different noncontiguous late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) areas: Ischemic-like with about 75% transmural extension (inferior wall) and subepicardial (inferolateral wall) along with pericardial LGE (inferior and inferolateral wall). Coronary angiography showed three vessel disease. Pathogenetic hypothesis of these unexpected findings are discussed. This case shows again the ability of CMRI to unreveal unusual and unexpected pathologic patterns.
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Cardiac ultrasound and persistent left superior vena cava
Daniele Pontillo, Nicolino Patruno, Stefano Petronzelli
April-June 2013, 23(2):72-72
  - 1,643 102