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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 154-159

Stress echocardiography: Need to optimize its appropriate use in suspected angina and a review of available additional tools for its clinical application in 2018: First do no harm! second do it at the highest possible accuracy


Department of Cardiology, Parma University Hospital, Parma, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Nicola Gaibazzi
Department of Cardiology, Parma University Hospital, Via Gramsci 14, Parma
Italy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcecho.jcecho_16_18

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There is a need to reassess the most appropriate indications for stress echocardiography in the current era, in patients with suspect or known coronary artery disease (CAD), and also the most helpful additional parameters that can be easily calculated in clinical practice to increase the known suboptimal sensitivity for obstructive CAD of this test. The current review tries to clarify what is and what should be the proper role for functional testing in general, but specifically regarding modern stress echocardiography in the current practice, for suspected CAD and/or atypical chest pain. Few candidate additional parameters beyond wall motion assessment are here suggested to improve diagnostic accuracy of stress echocardiography, and pertinent literature is briefly reviewed, together with a more personal view of the author regarding the characteristics of each parameter, as far as ease of acquisition, cost, and true diagnostic or prognostic clinical usefulness are concerned. The reviewed additional parameters, which can be acquired during stress echocardiography, are Doppler coronary flow reserve in the left anterior descending artery, cardiac calcium score, global longitudinal strain, ventricular elastance, and contrast myocardial perfusion. Each of them finds a potential place in the current practice or may find a place in the future practice of stress echocardiography.


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