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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 91-95

The ventricular-arterial coupling: From basic pathophysiology to clinical application in the echocardiography laboratory


1 Cardiologia Preventivae Riabilitativa, S. Maria degli Angeli, Pordenone, Italy
2 Cardiologia Preventivae Riabilitativa, S. Maria degli Angeli, Pordenone; Scuola di Specializzazione in Malattie Cardiovascolari, Universitą di Trieste, Trieste, Italy
3 Cardiologia, San Daniele del Friuli, Universitą di Pisa, Pisa, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
4 Cardiologia, San Vito al Tagliamento, Universitą di Pisa, Pisa, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
5 Dipartimento Cardiotoracicoe Vascolare, Universitą di Pisa, Pisa, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
6 Cardiologia, Azienda Ospedaliera S. Maria degli Angeli, Pordenone, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Francesco Antonini-Canterin
SSD Cardiologia Preventiva e Riabilitativa, Via Montereale, 24, Pordenone - 33170
Italy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2211-4122.127408

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The interplay between cardiac function and arterial system, which in turn affects ventricular performance, is defined commonly ventricular-arterial coupling and is an expression of global cardiovascular efficiency. This relation can be expressed in mathematical terms as the ratio between arterial elastance (EA) and end-systolic elastance (EES) of the left ventricle (LV). The noninvasive calculation requires complicated formulae, which can be, however, easily implemented in computerized algorithms, allowing the adoption of this index in the clinical evaluation of patients. This review summarizes the up-to-date literature on the topic, with particular focus on the main clinical studies, which range over different clinical scenarios, namely hypertension, heart failure, coronary artery disease, and valvular heart disease.


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